For hundreds of miles, when travelling in the desert, the only things one sees are vast expanses of sand, pebbles or stones, barren mountains and the dry beds of now vanished streams. Suddenly an apparition. An area where life seems to have recovered its familiar forms: small patches of green (Meduin or Al Fugha, in the case of Al Jufrah) or even villages and towns (the settlements of Sokna, Hun and Waddan) which developed thanks to the water re-surfacing in that area.

The vast basin of Al Jufrah (from the Arabic jof, meaning belly, or basin) stretches west to east in an elongated shape. It is bordered to the south by the black basalt stone Jebel Soda (Black Mountains) of volcanic origin; to the north-west by the wind-eroded slopes of the Jebel Machrigh; to the north-east by the Jebel Waddan; and to the east by the Harugi Mountains.

In the villages of Sokna, Waddan and Zellah, the oldest in Al Jufrah, we can still admire the remains and the structure of the ancient citadels. 

Oasi Waddan Oasi Sokna Oasi Zellah Oasi Hun Oasi Al Fugha
Waddan Sokna Zellah Hun Al Fugha